1 cup provides potassium, fiber, some vitamin C, iron, calcium, and folate in 25 calories. Fennel leaves contain beta carotene and more vitamin C.
Fennel is a filling snack with a licorice like flavor. They are much more nutrition than celery. They may stimulate milk in nursing mothers, aid digestion, prevent bad breath, and treat kidney stones, gout, liver, and lung disorders. Fennel seeds may prevent obesity. Fennel tea may alleviate bloating, gas, and other intestinal problems.
- They provide beta carotene, linked with cancer prevention particularly lung cancer and reduction in the risk of heart disease. Beta carotene is converted by the body into vitamin A, vitamin that prevents night blindness, needed for growth and cell development, maintains healthy skin, hair, and nails as well as gums, glands, bones, and teeth. May prevent lung cancer.
- They provide folate, needed to make DNA, RNA, and red blood cells, and to synthesize certain amino acids. Folate helps prevent congenital neurological defects in pregnant or woman who are planning pregnancy.
- They provide vitamin C, vitamin that strengthens blood vessel walls, promotes wound healing, promotes iron absorption, helps prevent atherosclerosis, protects against cell damage by free radicals, may reduce risk of certain cancers, heart attacks, strokes, and other diseases.
- They provide calcium, mineral that builds strong bones and teeth, vital to muscle and nerve function, blood clotting, and metabolism. It also helps regulate blood pressure, prevent osteoporosis, and may help protect against colon cancer.
- They provide fiber that makes you feel full which may reduce your appetite. Soluble fiber lowers LDL cholesterol reducing the risk of heart disease, regulates blood sugar which may reduce the onset risk or symptoms of metabolic syndrome and diabetes, and may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer, and help manage diarrhea. Insoluble fiber speeds the passage of foods through your digestive track facilitating regular defecation and adds bulk to stool which alleviates constipation. This may help people suffering from hemorrhoids and prevent diverticulitis, an intestinal disorder in which small pockets bulging from the colon wall become inflamed.
- They provide iron, needed to produce hemoglobin which transports oxygen throughout the body.
- They provide potassium, which gives a positive effect in lowering blood pressure. Also helps maintain fluid balance, promotes proper metabolism and muscle functions.
The oil in fennel seeds can irritate skin.